Cognitive Functions For Judgers And Perceivers


Isabella Briggs suggested that beyond the introverted and extraverted personality types discussed by Carl Jung, there were also so called Judging and Perceiving types. Isabella Briggs reworked Jung's ideas on rational and irrational types to support this conclusion. I decided that Isabella Briggs changes were great but decided to separate her ideas on the cognitive functions from Jung's. Building on her definition, I describe here, judging and perceiving functions, as compared to Carl Jung's introverted and Extraverted functions.

Judging and Perceiving are two strategies that we use to manage stress and to handle and organise information. Because we take in a lot of information, it's important to know what information to prioritise first.

Intuitive Perceiving (NP)

An intuitive perceiving type may think about how to adapt or use an idea in the moment. What is the best way to put a theory to practice to understand your current situation and what is happening around you? How do I customise an idea to explain my current situation?

Intuitive Judging (NJ)

Intuitive Judging is used to think about how likely it is that an idea is going to work. How do two ideas fit together to form a concept of ideas? How can I generalise on a trend or a number of patterns that I have observed around me? 

Many sensing perceiving types make great tennis players. A sport that requires good instincts, reading the game, and knowing how much and where you need to hit the ball.

Sensing Perceiving (SP)

Sensing perceiving is used to think about how you adapt your physical actions and your behaviour in the moment. How do I get through a tight space best, and how do I move to intercept the tennis ball with this racket? How is that person walking or moving their body around and is that person injured?

Sensing Judging (SJ)

Sensing judging is used to think about how to construct and arrange your physical environment. What do I place where and in what order do I arrange an event or a situation? How do I plan an event and how do I ensure my environment is clean and neat? Is everyone acting in accordance with the law and with this order?

Thinking Perceiving (TP) types are often great at chess, because there, you need to constantly adjust to and counter other people's strategy.

Thinking Judging (TJ)

A thinking and judging type is interested in how to enact a plan or a strategy. A thinking and judging type will consider what they know about a situation and what they want to achieve and will think of different ways to get the job done. They may consider when, how, and how much they will use to succeed in their ambition.

Thinking Perceiving (TP)

Thinking and Perceiving is used to think about how to customise a plan or a strategy in the moment. If I have a clear standard or metric of success, what do I need to do in the moment to live up to this standard? How do I best achieve the plan and how can I customise my decisions and actions to the circumstance and what is most tactical right now?

A feeling and perceiving type might be collecting data and information from you

Feeling perceiving types

A feeling perceiving type is often a kind of reporter. They're constantly hearing people out and making notes about what they hear you say and what they see you do.

Feeling Judging (FJ)

Feeling Judging is used to think about how to act, behave, and how to treat other people. How do I manage people and what do I say and do? What kind of relationships and what kind of life do I want and what kind of person do I want to be? What is my ideology and what are my ethical rules and how do I stay true to these ideals?

Feeling Perceiving (FP)

When you use feeling perceiving, you think about what is right and wrong in the moment. Feeling Perceiving is a reporter function. It listens to what other people think and believe and it adjusts it's actions to what is ethical and right in the situation or depending on how other people feel and depending on what you need in the moment.