The Big 5 is a more scientific model than the MBTI. That does not, however, mean that it is a better model. In order to be more scientifically viable, the Big 5 or OCEAN model had to focus on more stereotypical and easy to observe personality traits.

Focusing on what was easy and consistent to measure, it avoided anything vague or more complex. Because of this, the OCEAN system tends to deliver very consistent personality results. The popular of the Big 5 is however low because it is hard to use for personal growth or introspection. The Big 5 focuses on describing our behaviour rather than our thinking patterns, intentions or values.

Today’s article will reveal what personality type has what personality traits in the Big 5 Model.

Recommended Reading: What is the DiSC Personality Inventory?

What is your MBTI Type?

The Big 5 is about your behaviour while your MBTI type is about what behaviour will put you in a state of flow. There is a strong connection between the Five Factor Model/OCEAN and the MBTI because most people will prefer to act or behave in a way that puts them in a state of flow.

If you have taken the Five Factor Model test, you can use this chart to decide what MBTI Type you are more likely to be:

16 PersonalitiesBig Five/OCEAN
IntroversionReservedness
ExtroversionOutgoingness
IntuitionOpenness
SensingTraditionality
FeelingAgreeableness
ThinkingDisagreeableness
JudgingConscientiousness
PerceivingLow Conscientiousness
StressNeuroticism
FlowEmotional Stability

Neuroticism is a metric that suggests how likely or unlikely you are to be in a state of flow. If you have low neuroticism, you are more likely to be in a state of flow. You are more assertive, strong in yourself, and generally positive.

What is Outgoingness?

Outgoingness is a measure of how outgoing your personality type will act. On average, Extroverts are more likely to act Extroverted and that means they are more likely to:

  • Take social initiative
  • Go out and meet people
  • Drive conversations

A person who has low outgoingness or who tends to act reserved is more likely to be Introverted. This kind of person is less likely to take initiative in social settings, and will prefer to stay at home or be alone. They make less effort in conversations and tend to be more cautious.

In the 16 Personalities system, this is because Extroverts get more energy from social interactions and Introverts get more energy from turning their attention inside, to their own thoughts and inner world.

What is Openness to experience?

Openness means being more open to new experiences, trying new things, and learning about new ideas. Intuitive types tend to be more open to learn new things, and less likely to maintain old beliefs and methods. This makes them more creative but also less disciplined and less resilient to stress.

  • Take social initiative
  • Go out and meet people
  • Drive conversations

Having low openness means preferring tradition, habit, and routine. People who have low openness tend to be contrastingly more reliable, more stable, and more secure in their ideas and opinions. They are less likely to doubt their own ideas and tend to show more discipline in their work.

In the 16 Personalities system, this is because Sensing types get more attached to their ideas and beliefs the longer they work on them. Intuitive types tend to get bored more quickly and so need more stimulation and change.

What is Agreeableness?

Agreeableness means to value harmony, cooperation, and teamwork more highly. Feeling types tend to be more agreeable and place stronger emphasis on connecting with other people on having shared feelings, needs, and identity. This makes them more:

  • Benevolent and interested in the happiness of other people
  • Friendly and warm
  • Honest and trusting of others

People who have low agreeableness are more likely to be critical of other people and enjoy discussion and conflict more. They are less likely to trust other people and need more proof or evidence. Thinking types are more likely to be Disagreeable because they enjoy independence and problem-solving and truth.

What is Conscientiousness?

If you are Conscientious, that means you are more likely to plan or organise your environment and lifestyle. You are more likely to schedule your activities and tend to be more focused and disciplined in your work. Judging Types tend to act more Conscientious because they get more motivated by an activity the longer it takes. Conscientious types tend to:

  • Set more long-term goals
  • Spend longer time on goals
  • Set more rules and principles for themselves

People who have low Conscientiousness tend to be more Adaptable. They will adjust their decisions and actions to the situation and prefer to make up their mind in the moment. Perceiving types are lower in Conscientiousness because they have less benefit from rules and schedules. They will feel less motivated if they have to work on a task for a longer time without any short-term payoff.

What is Neuroticism?

Neuroticism is not a Myers Briggs personality trait, but it connects to my concept of Flow. Neurotic types tend to be more sensitive to stress and anxiety and are more likely to doubt themselves. They often struggle to motivate themselves and have overall less Flow. If you are neurotic you:

  • Tend to experience more stress than the average person
  • May feel more anxious than a normal individual
  • Often have less motivation or energy than most people

A person who has low neuroticism is more emotionally stable and feels a stronger Flow. They feel more confident about themselves and more secure in who they are and in their decisions. They are generally more motivated and have more energy to deal with day to day tasks.

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What is your OCEAN/Big 5 Type based on your MBTI type?

You can use these tabs to see what the most common Big 5 scores are for each MBTI type:

The Sixteen Personalities in Flow

FlowExtroverted, iNtuitive, Feeling & Perceiving
StressIntroverted, Sensing, Thinking & Judging
Big5Outgoing, Open, Agreeable, Non-Conscientious
NeedsExploration, Reform, Support & Freedom

At their best, curious, free-spirited types that open new paths. These types are often advocates for new ideas and change. At their worst, bitter, unforgiving, harsh and stuck in the past.

FlowExtroverted, iNtuitive, Feeling & Perceiving
StressExtroverted, Sensing, Thinking & Judging
Big5Reserved, Open, Agreeable, Non-Conscientious
NeedsOriginality, Reform, Support & Freedom

Ideally, introspective, unique individuals with fun new ideas and a creative approach to life. Under stress, easily overwhelmed and feel easily pressured, they can develop a tunnel vision and become unusually closed to new ideas.

FlowIntroverted, iNtuitive, Feeling & Judging
StressExtroverted, Sensing, Thinking & Perceiving
Big 5Reserved, Open, Agreeable, Conscientious
NeedsOriginality, Reform, Support & Control

At their best, philosophical, speculative types with strong ideals and vision. At their worst, scattered, overworked and easily overwhelmed by the world and problems around them.

FlowExtroverted, iNtuitive, Feeling & Judging
StressIntroverted, Sensing, Thinking & Perceiving
Big 5Outgoing, Open, Agreeable, Conscientious
NeedsExploration, Reform, Support & Control

Broad-minded, idealistic and big-picture. This type is at their best enthusiastic and highly caring for others. At their worst, overly critical of others, never pleased with anything, and become too scattered.

FlowExtroverted, iNtuitive, Thinking & Perceiving
StressIntroverted, Sensing, Feeling & Judging
Big5Outgoing, Open, Disagreeable, Non-Conscientious
NeedsExploration, Reform, Knowledge & Freedom

At their best, known to be the most creative type. They bring forward new ideas and make new discoveries in research. Under stress, they may make martyrs of themselves, giving up their needs and identity completely.

FlowIntroverted, iNtuitive, Thinking & Perceiving
StressExtroverted, Sensing, Feeling & Judging
Big5Reserved, Open, Disagreeable, Non-Conscientious
NeedsOriginality, Reform, Knowledge & Freedom

In a flow state, this type is full of ideas to improve their situation. They prefer to learn new skills and try out new things. At their worst, they may feel persecuted by the tribe.

FlowIntroverted, iNtuitive, Thinking & Judging
StressExtroverted, Sensing, Feeling & Perceiving
Big 5Reserved, Open, Disagreeable, Conscientious
NeedsOriginality, Reform, Knowledge & Control

Ideally, this type has a vision and plan for the future as well as some good ideas and the intelligence to put them together. At their worst, these types may feel that everyone is against them.

FlowExtroverted, iNtuitive, Thinking & Judging
StressIntroverted, Sensing, Feeling & Perceiving
Big 5Outgoing, Open, Disagreeable, Conscientious
NeedsExploration, Reform, Knowledge & Control

Broad-minded, innovative, and enterprising. The ENTJ personality type in flow is full of ideas and ambitions. Under stress, however, this type can act like a victim or seek sympathy.

FlowExtroverted, Sensing, Thinking & Perceiving
StressIntroverted, Intuition, Feeling & Judging
Big5Outgoing, Traditional, Disagreeable, Non-Conscientious
NeedsAdventure, Belonging, Knowledge & Freedom

The ESTP in a state of flow is energetic, hard-working and entrepreneurial. The ESTP under stress, on the other hand, gives up before even trying, and is prone to always expecting the worst in everyone.

FlowExtroverted, Sensing, Thinking & Perceiving
StressExtroverted, Intuition, Feeling & Judging
Big5Reserved, Traditional, Agreeable, Non-Conscientious
NeedsStability, Belonging, Knowledge & Freedom

The ISTP in a flow state is able to manage most challenges or obstacles put in their way, and enjoy fixing things that aren’t working. In a state of stress, they can be prone to blaming other people for their issues in life.

FlowIntroverted, Sensing, Thinking & Judging
StressExtroverted, iNtuition, Feeling & Perceiving
Big 5Reserved, Traditional, Disagreeable, Conscientious
NeedsStability, Belonging, Knowledge & Control

In a flow state, this type is known for inspiring stability and trust. They can be pillars of their society. Under stress, they may act out to ‘shake off’ people who depend too much on them.

FlowExtroverted, Sensing, Thinking & Judging
StressIntroverted, iNtuition, Feeling & Perceiving
Big 5Outgoing, Traditional, Disagreeable, Conscientious
NeedsAdventure, Belonging, Knowledge & Control

In flow, this type is hard-working and dutiful, always giving things their best effort. Under stress, they can give up and worry about failure or loss.

FlowExtroverted, Sensing, Feeling & Perceiving
StressIntroverted, iNtuition, Thinking & Judging
Big5Outgoing, Traditional, Agreeable, Non-Conscientious
NeedsAdventure, Belonging, Support & Freedom

ESFPs tend to be passionate advocates for ethics, speaking out for their community and for everyone’s rights. But under stress, they can be cold and critical of others, refusing to listen to anyone else but themselves.

FlowExtroverted, Sensing, Feeling & Perceiving
StressExtroverted, iNtuition, Thinking & Judging
Big5Reserved, Traditional, Agreeable, Non-Conscientious
NeedsStability, Belonging, Support & Freedom

The ISFPs are in a positive state of flow, perceptive, and attentive listeners secure in themselves and who they are. At their worst, they can become bossy and aggressive as they try to stand up for themselves.

FlowIntroverted, Sensing, Feeling & Judging
StressExtroverted, iNtuition, Thinking & Perceiving
Big 5Reserved, Traditional, Agreeable, Conscientious
NeedsStability, Belonging, Support & Control

The ISFJ at their best tend to be patient, supportive and caring people. But at their worst, they can be be self-centred, projecting their own needs and opinions onto others, becoming controlling.

FlowExtroverted, Sensing, Feeling & Judging
StressIntroverted, iNtuition, Thinking & Perceiving
Big 5Outgoing, Traditional, Agreeable, Conscientious
NeedsAdventure, Belonging, Support & Control

ESFJs in a flow state are optimistic, and always believe the best in everyone. But under stress, they can struggle with feeling used or manipulated by others.

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