The Extensive Guide To The Cognitive Functions

Navigation Functions

When you feel lost, unsure where to go, or how to do something, you are probably using the navigation functions. The core priority of the navigators is to get forward and to move past obstacles and to consider the past, the future, and the present. 

The Visionary (iNtuitive Judging)

Do you love to speculate and come up with strategies? Are you independent and tend to go your own way in life? Are you sometimes accused of being slow and taking too long to do things?

Special skill: Understanding the future

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The Tactician (iNtuitive Perceiving)

Tacticians value thinking their steps and actions through and making their decisions based on abstract events and what-ifs. Tacticians are accused of overcomplicating easy decisions or processes at times. They have a rebellious side and tend to go against the normal flow. 

Special skill: Reading the room

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The Doer (Sensing Perceiving)

Doers like being on the beat and doing things on the fly. They are practical about things and focus on the smoothest solutions on the go. They are often accused of not thinking ahead and not seeing obvious consequences of their actions.

Special skill: Spontaneity

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The Host (Sensing Judging)

Hosts value organisation their environment and setting up and planning their life. Sensing judging types are planned but struggle to recognise and adjust to new changes around them.

Special skill: Learning from the past

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Decider functions

Thanks to your decision-making functions, you can set goals and make decisions about what you want and where you want to go. The decider function is symbolised by the triangle.

The Artist (Introverted Feeling)

Artists enjoy thinking of personal ways to do something or say something. Their introverted feeling makes them sensitive and able to have rich dreams and deep inner worlds. Their main flaw is thinking realistically about a situation.

Special skill: Originality

“Thus, basic ideas such as God, freedom, immortality are just as much feeling-values as they are significant as ideas. Everything, therefore, that has been said of the introverted thinking refers equally to introverted feeling, only here everything is felt while there it was thought.”

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The Scientist (Introverted Thinking)

Scientists like coming up with rational and intelligent ways to solve problems. They tend to value critical thinking but are sometimes accused of not understanding other people’s feelings.

Special skill: Logic

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The Actor (Extroverted Feeling)

Actors enjoy looking at how their environment and the people around them could be better and happier. They understand emotions and people well, but are sometimes unable to think critically about something in the moment. 

Special skill: Interpersonal intelligence

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The Pragmatists (Extroverted Thinking)

The pragmatists value looking at how to improve or make their environment work better or be more productive. They are however accused of being insensitive and of lacking intropersonal awareness.

Special skill: Business

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Observation functions

The observation functions help us describe our situation and what is happening around us, giving us a clear view of the situation, what is going on, and what could happen next.

The Philosopher (Introverted iNtuition)

Existential, distanced, theoretical, philosophical. Introverted iNtuition is associated with many impressive abilities. They are good at understanding unknown or complex environments, and imagining and running through scenarios internally. 

“In this way introverted intuition perceives all the background processes of consciousness with almost the same distinctness as extraverted sensation senses outer objects. For intuition, therefore, the unconscious images attain to the dignity of things or objects.” Carl Jung on Introverted iNtuition.

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The Detective (Extroverted iNtuition)

Free-spirited, opportunity oriented, and enthusiastic. Extroverted iNtuition is associated with connecting patterns and reading the room. Its key abilities include: Figuring out a puzzle, spotting clues, and seeing how to transform their environment. 

“(…)because his eye is constantly ranging for new possibilities, stable conditions have an air of impending suffocation. He seizes hold of new objects and new ways with eager intensity, sometimes with extraordinary enthusiasm, only to abandon them cold-bloodedly, without regard and apparently without remembrance, as soon as their range becomes clearly defined and a promise of any considerable future development no longer clings to them.” Carl Jung on Extroverted iNtuitives.

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The Scout (Extroverted Sensing)

Extroverted Sensing is associated with studying and learning about our environment. It is an alert, attentive, and energetic function, at its best when we are in the heat of the moment. Strengths include: Knowing your surroundings and the people around you, making yourself heard and noticed, drawing attention to important things.

“No other human type can equal the extraverted sensation-type in realism. His sense for objective facts is extraordinarily developed. His life is an accumulation of actual experience with concrete objects, and the more pronounced he is, the less use does he make of his experience” Carl Jung on Extraverted Sensing.

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The Instructor (Introverted Sensing)

Introverted Sensing is described as modest, conservative, and detailed. It focuses on the fine prints of something and how things are defined. It catalouges and saves data that it can then reuse to solve problems. It is expertly, knowledgeable, resourceful, and prepared.

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Evaluative Functions

The reviewer is primarily interested in how we feel about things and what we think is smart or right. It helps us evaluate our behaviour and to determine what we want and what we do not want. The evaluative function is symbolised by the star. 

The Reporter (Feeling Perceiving)

 Reporters like to look at how they feel emotionally in a situation and to consider what they like and dislike. They are nuanced and always look at the situation, how something was said, and where it comes from. Feeling perceivers tend to be skilled listeners and skilled at interpreting communication accurately. They also have an excellent sense of taste.

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The Hacker (Thinking Perceiving)

 Hackers tend to look at what they think from situation to situation, paying attention to the thoughts and reasoning behind each argument or decision, and how successful or efficient it is to solve the problems of the moment. Thinking perceivers tend to be skilled at negotiation, trade, analysis, diagnostics, and rational problem solving. 

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The Architect (Thinking Judging)

 Architects are often good at control, design, and project-management. They like to set rules and to see how to best reach a goal. They think in targets and how well they meet each target, focusing on methods and long-term problem solving.

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The Diplomat (Feeling Judging)

Feeling and Judging is described as kind. It encourages diplomacy and communication and likes to focus on its long term emotional needs, how they want to feel, who they want to be. Diplomats tend to have a strong code of conduct and ideals for how to behave and act.

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You can use any cognitive function but certain personality types have a number of proficiencies and dispositions that make them more adept at using these cognitive functions. Being serious, being sensitive, being caring, creates a disposition towards a particular type. It gives you a strong aptitude when using certain cognitive functions. 

Sensitive types will have a disposition towards introverted feeling, but they can still use extraverted thinking. However, their sensitive nature will make them struggle to make tough calls and to remain strong under the material pressures.