Judging and Perceiving (J/P)

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Judgers are often confused to be more conscientious, and perceivers more prone to being lazy or procrastinating. This can lead to a lot of stereotypes, where anyone who has a plan or schedule (a necessity to survive in life today) can be mistyped as a Judging type. So how do you tell the difference between conscientiousness and judging and perceiving?

Judging (J) and Perceiving (P)

Judgers are all about structuring or making the world adhere to how they think it should be. Perceivers are all about perceiving how the world works in the moment and seeing how it could work better. But how do you find out?

Judging. Discuss how a person wants the world to be. How do they think the world should work? How would they ideally want something to be done?

A) Conscientious Judging type: This type will have a strong idea about how to solve a problem and how it should typically be solved. 
B) Unconscientious Judging type: This type will have an idea about how something should be structured, but is careful to say “this is just my opinion.” or wants you to decide for them. 
C) Conscientious Perceiving type: This person will give a concrete example of a situation or how they would have solved a problem in a particular scenario, but won’t offer a general rule.
D) Unconscientious Perceiving type: This person will seem reluctant to offer their own opinion and will say they don’t know or will ask you what you think.

Perceiving. Discuss how a person would solve a particular problem, how they would get past a particular obstacle in a concrete situation.

A) Conscientious Perceiving type: This person will be able to come up with one or more solutions to the problem
B) Unconscientious Perceiving type: This person may have a solution but will seem hesitant or cautious to share it, will try to see what you think about it.
C) Conscientious Judging type: This person will offer up a general rule for how they try to solve problems “like this”.
D) Unconscientious Judging type: This person will seem unsure of themselves or what to do and will ask to understand more about the situation and how you would solve it first. 

Facial Expressions in Judging and Perceiving types

You could almost draw a straight line from the top to the bottom of the middle of the face on a Judging type. That’s where all expressions start, between the eyes, the nose, the upper lips, then spreading outwards, giving the judging type a focused and intent gaze.

For the perceiver, focus instead on the outer parts of the face, the cheeks, the outer jaws, and around the eyes. The dual eyed, open expression of a perceiver makes them appear more adaptable and more flexible to their environment. 

Body Language in Judgers and Perceivers

The gesturing style of a judging type is very distinct. It looks as if they are arranging and structuring and directing the world around them. Their palms often face the group. 

The gesturing style of the perceiving type is much like a teacher or informer. It looks as if they are weighing or balancing information, or as if they are doing a “show and tell” presentation. 

How Judgers Speak

Judging types tend to have a coherent and directed speech style. It can sound rhythmic, repetitive or as if it is leading somewhere or as if there is a goal with what they say. Does it sound as if what they are saying is leading somewhere?

How Perceivers Speak

Perceiving types speak in an open and ever-changing way. It looks as if they are bouncing from thought to thought, often changing direction as they speak. Does it sound like what they say is changing and developing as they speak?